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Kırgız Türkçesinde Nk-Soruları
BAYTOK,Aysel  

MTAD 2013,10(3):180-213; DOI: 10.1501/MTAD.10.2013.3.33
E-yayın Tarihi: 11 Kasım 2013
Makale (PDF 1,3 MB)

 

 

Nk-questions in Kyrgyz Turkish
BAYTOK, Aysel 
JMTS 2013,10(3):180-213; DOI: 10.1501/MTAD.10.2013.3.33
Published online: 11 November 2013
Article (PDF
1,3 MB)


 

ÖZET
Soru, dillerde yer değiştirme, ekler, parçacıklar ya da kelimeler gibi dil bilgisel araçlarla oluşturulur. Soru yapımı araçları bakımından oldukça zengin olan Kırgız Türkçesinde sorular temel olarak soru parçacıkları, soru kelimeleri ve vurgu vasıtasıyla yapılır. Kırgız Türkçesinde soru cümlesi türleri olarak E/H soruları, nk-soruları, onay soruları, seçmeli sorular, yansımalı sorular, retorik sorular ve bildirme soruları yer alır. Nk-soruları kim “kim”, emne “ne”, kayda “nerede”, kanday “nasıl” gibi soru kelimeleriyle yapılır. Hiçbir soru unsuru içermeyen, sadece ilgili bağlam ve vurguyla yapılan nk-soruları da vardır. Kırgız Türkçesinde nk-sorularının basit ve çoklu nk-soruları, olumlu ve olumsuz nk-soruları, yansımalı nk-soruları, retorik nk-soruları, nk-ünlem cümleleri ve nk-bildirme soruları gibi türleri vardır. Kırgız Türkçesinde nk-sorularının temel işlevi soru sormak ve bilgi almaktır. Ancak nk-soruları, soru yanında öfke, sevgi, merak, tehdit, övgü, şüphe, küçümseme, alay, emir, rica vb. anlamları da bildirebilir.

ANAHTAR SÖZCÜKLER
Kırgız Türkçesi, Soru cümleleri, Nk-soruları, Nk-kelimeleri.


ABSTRACT
Questions in languages are formed through a variety of linguistic tools such as relocation, insertions, particles or word. In Kyrgyz Turkish, which is quite rich in terms of the tools of forming question, the question are basically formed through particles of questions, question words and emphasis. In Kyrgyz Turkish the types of question sentences are Y/N (Yes/No) questions, wh- questions, tag questions, alternative questions, echo questions, rhetorical questions and declarative questions. Nk- questions are formed through the question word: kim “who”, emne “what”, kayda “where”, kanday “how” and so on. There are also types of nk-questions which do not contain any elements of question and just formed through the context and emphasis. In Kyrgyz Turkish there are the types of wh-questions such as simply and multiple wh-questions, negative and positive wh-questions, echo wh-questions, rhetorical wh-questions, wh-exclamative phrase and declarative wh-questions. The primary function of the question sentences in Kyrgyz Turkish is to ask questions and acquire information. But besides question, the question sentences may also report meaning such as anger, love, curiosity, threat, praise, doubt, scorn, ridicule, command, desire etc. as well.

KEY WORDS
Kyrgyz Turkish, Interrogatives, Nk-questions, Nk-words. 


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Yazışma / Correspondence:

Aysel Baytok, Dr.

E-posta/Email: ayselbaytok@gmail.com

Alındığı Tarih/Received Nisan/April 30 2013

 

 

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